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William Dowie & Catherine Craigie

Scottish Heritage

                       

 Robert Bain's - The Clans & Tartans of Scotland, lists Macildowie as a sept of Clan Cameron. Dowie is also a name accepted by Clan Gregor,  while Macalduie is associated with the Lamont Clan.

 

The Clan Cameron  

  • Arms: Gules, three bars Or
  • Badges: Cameron of Lochiel, Cameron of Erracht.
  • Branches: Lochiel, Erracht
  • Tartans: Cameron, Cameron Hunting, Cameron of Lochiel, Cameron of Lochiel Hunting, Cameron of Erracht.
  • Mottos: Aonaibh ri cheile (Gaelic: Unite), Mo righ's mo dhuchaich (Gaelic: For King and Country).
  • Slogan: Chlanna nan con thigibh a so's gheib sibh feail (Gaelic: Sons of the hounds come here and get flesh)
  • Septs: Chalmers, Chambers, Clark, Clarke, Clarkson, Cleary, Clerk, Dowie, Gibbon, Gilbertson, Kennedy, Leary, Lonie, MacAldowie, MacAlonie, MacChlery, MacLair, MacCleary, MacGillery, MacGillonie, MacIldowie, MacKail, MacKell, MacLear, MacLeary, MacLerie, MacMartin, MacOnie, MacOstrich, MacPhail, MacSorley, MacUrlig, MacVail, MacWalrick, Martin, Paul, Sorley, Sorlie, Taylor.

 

  There are several theories concerning the origin of the name Cameron. The most probable is that the first chief, Donald Dubh was descended from the Macgillonies or from the medieval Cameron family of Fife. Donald Dubh married the MacMartin heiress of Letterfinlay and through great skill united the confederation of tribes that came to be know as Clan Cameron

 
The Clan McGregor

 

  • Branches: MacGregor of Glengyle, MacGregor of Glenlyon, MacGregor of Glenorchy, MacGregor of Glenstrae.
  • Arms: Argent, a sword in bend dexter Azure and an oak tree eradicated in bend sinister Proper, the former supporting on its point in dexter canton an antique crown Gules.
  • Badge: A lion's head, erased, crowned with an antique crown, Proper
  • Motto: 'S rioghal mo dhream (Royal is my race)
  • Gaelic Name: MacGrioghair
  • War Cry: Ard-choille (The High Wood)
  • Plant Badge: Pine
  • Tartans: Macgregor, Rob Roy

  The first certain chief of the Clan Gregor was Gregor of the Golden Bridles. His son, Iain Camm, One-Eye, succeeded as the second chief before 1390.

King Robert the Bruce gave the barony of Loch Awe to the Cambells for their aid in raising him to the throne. Locha Awe was MacGregor land and the Bruce left it up to the Campbells how they would take possession of this area. The Campbells built the castle of Kilchurn and the MacGregors were forced to retreat deeper into their lands until they were eventually restricted to Glenstrae.

Iain the Black died in 1519 without a male heir. The Campbells supported Eian MacGregor as chief since he was married to the daughter of Sir Colin Campbell of Glenorchy. Eian's son, Alistair, fought the English at Pinkie Cleugh but died shortly after. In 1560 Gregor Roy MacGregor fought the Campbells as an outlaw after Sir Colin Campbell of Glenorchy refused to recognise his claim to his estates. In 1570 he was captured and killed by the Campbells. His son, Alistair, took over as chief but was unable to stop the Campbell persecution of the MacGregors.

A Royal forrester, John Drummond, was murdered by after hanging a band of MacGregors for poaching. The King then issued an edict aboloshing the name MacGregor. What this essentially meant was that MacGregors had to renounce their name or suffer death. The chief and 11 of his chieftaines were hanged in Edinburgh. The rest of the Clan scattered many taking other Highland names to conceal their lineage and thus avoid being hunted like animals.

Despite this treatment 200 men the Clan fought against Cromwell during the civil war. In gratitude King Charles II repealed the proscription on the name MacGregor but it was re-imposed when William of Orange took the throne.

This is the time of the legendary Rob Roy MacGregor. Born in 1671 he had to assume his mother's name of Campbell. He fought on the Jacobite side at the Battle of Sheriffmuir but after the battle he began a life of plundering and was a thorn in the side of the government until his death in 1734. Facts surrounding Rob Roy are full of controversy - this paragraph prompted the following response from David Stirling. "Rob Roy the Spulzie"

The proscription was again repealled, this time for good, in 1774. At this time there were 826 MacGregors who wanted to claim the chiefship but it was finally awared to General John Murray and descendant of Duncan MacGregor of Ardchoille who died in 1552

http://www.clangregor.org/

Other references to early forms of the name that may be relevant include:

Nigel Mackegilduf - character witness in Carric during the reign of Alexander II
Gillicrist Macgilliduff  - consented to a quit-claim of the lands of Auchterwaddale to Priory of  beauly, b'n   1275 / 1294
Doull MacGilleduf - a victim of the first hership of Petty, 1502
Gilbert McIiduf   - possessed a tenement in Dumfries, 1461
McKeldowie  - recorded Lochaber 1616, & Edinburgh 1697
John M' Ilduff  - tenent Bordland 1642
Duncan M'Ildoui  - tenent at Larichvain in parish of Inshaell, 1686
John Macgildhui - of  Casteltoune, Kindrochit was appointed a church elder in 1701, in 1705 he became  "apostate to popery".

        

          The list below shows the earliest  births as registered in Scottish Parish Records. Strangely these were all female christenings, but do give fathers names in recognisable modern form. 

    

Surname

Date

Father

Birthplace

DOWY

21/06/1579

Jhone DOWY

Perth, Perth,

DOWY

04/06/1592

Johnne DOWY

Dysart, Fife,

DOWIE

08/02/1617

Dauid DOWIE

Dysart, Fife,

DOWIE

11/11/1632

Thomas DOWIE

Perth, Perth,

DOWIE

12/05/1644

Simon DOWIE

Largo, Fife,

DOWIE

23/06/1678

John DOWIE

Dysart, Fife,

DOWIE

30/09/1687

Thomas DOWIE

Abdie, Fife,

DOWIE

12/12/1689

Jo. DOWIE

Dundee, Angus,

                The list below shows a selection of earliest  marriages as registered in Scottish Parish Records.

 
First Name Surname Date Spouse Place
James DOWIE 11/05/1595 Agnes WELCHE Edinburgh Parish, Edinburgh,
William DOWIE 13/04/1597 Margaret SYMSON Anstruther Wester, Fife
Thomas DOWIE 25/09/1599 Christane PIRNY Dunbarney, Perth
Johne DOWIE 20/07/1602 Christian BULL South Leith, Midlothian
John DOWIE 23/05/1607 Margrat GENOUR Inverness, Inverness
Helen DOWIE 27/08/1612 William CALDWALLS Dysart, Fife
Dauid DOWIE 17/05/1614 Janet DRYBRUCHE Dysart, Fife
Dauid DOWIE 04/08/1618 Helene CUNDITE Dysart, Fife
Henrie DOWIE 14/02/1619 Christane MATHESOUNE Leslie, Fife
Androw DOWIE 13/11/1619 Cisall MAKIE Dysart, Fife
Andrew DOWIE 10/07/1623 Euphame COWIE Edinburgh Parish, Edinburgh,
Umphray DOWIE 01/09/1625 Rachel SYMSOUN Edinburgh Parish, Edinburgh,
Dauid DOWIE 17/09/1626 Elspit GIB Dysart, Fife
Jhone DOWIE 31/10/1626 Cristian JHONSTONE Dysart, Fife
Androw DOWIE 20/02/1627 Margaret RAMSAY Dysart, Fife
Umphra DOWIE 24/04/1628 Alisone ADAIR Edinburgh Parish, Edinburgh,
Robert DOWEY 26/07/1629 Janet MERCER Fossoway and Tulliebole, Kinross,

 

This map shows the locational density of Dowie names in the 1881 Census and depicts the strong concentrations around Fife Kinross and Edinburgh.

                    

 

 

Many more Dowie, Birth Death & Marriage records are available on Jimmy's excellent site. I am much indebted to him for his painstaking research - much of which I have copied here. Old Records