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William Dowie & Catherine Craigie

Wills & Testament

The Hanging of George Dowie

The Dowie Haplotype

Most Recent Common Ancestor,    Common Values,    Links

The table below shows the authors haplotype. Results provided by Family Tree DNA (FTDNA) Laboratories show the actual Allele values at each of the marker Loci used. Comparisons can be made with the results from other family name researchers and with the HG1 Atlantic Modal Haplogroup. Total distance of relationship is given by the final column showing the total number for mutational differences between "Dowie" results and others. This set of 25 markers allows greater distinction than the earlier 12 marker tests and should any other Dowie's return a result of either 24 or 25 matching scores then it is almost certain that their origins can be traced to a common ancestor within the last 30 generations. More detailed explanations are provided below and links for further reading provided at the foot of the page.

 

FTDNA Markers

Loc 1

Loc 2

Loc 3

Loc 4

Loc 5

Loc 6

Loc 7

Loc 8

Loc 9

Loc 10

Loc 11

Loc 12

 Loc 13

 Loc 14

 Loc 15

 Loc 16

Loc 17 

Loc 18 

Loc 19 

Loc 20 

Loc 21 

Loc 22 

Loc 23 

Loc 24 

Loc 25 

 

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

Genetic Diff.

393

390

 19

391

385a

385b

426

388

439

389-1

392

389-2

458

459a

459b

455

454

447

437

448

449

464a

464b

464c

464d

 

Dowie

13

24

14

10

12

14

12

12

13

13

13

29

17

9

10

11

11

23

15

19

30

14

15

17

18

 

OAGP 4 13 24 14 10           13   30                           1
Oppenheimer R1b - 9 13 24 14 10       12     13                             0
R1bSTR47 Scots 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 30 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 17 8
Pict Cluster 13 24 14 10 11   12 12     13       10 11 11 25 15 19           3
Wilson R1b1c 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 10 10 11 25 15 19 30 13 15 17 17 8

AMH

13

24

14

11

11

14

12

12

12

13

13

29

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

29

15

15

17

17

7

Niall 13 25 14 11 11 13 12 12 12 13 14 26 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 18 30 15 16 16 17 13

The above table { updated Feb 2008 } would appear to finally answer the questions I posed in 2002 when I first began to write these webpages.

I believe that my Genetic forefathers were amongst the very earliest settlers of North East Scotland arriving not long after the retreat of the last glaciation. The descendents of these people were named Picts. Picts harried The Legions though out the Roman occupation of Britain and eventually joined with the relatively more recently arrived Dal Riadic settlers from Ireland; and the Norse settlers of the northern and western Isles to form the Nation of Scotland.

This does not necessarily solve the origin of the name "Dowie"

OAGP 4 is the sub group that the academic Kevin Campbell has extracted from the works of Dr. Brian Sykes. Saxons Viking & Celts. This would allow us to claim to belong to Dr. Sykes' Clan Oisin

"OGAP4 is particularly intriguing.  It is ubiquitous across all areas of Scotland and exceptionally strong in Grampian, Tayside, and Strathclyde.  If we discount the Irish influx in Argyll and the Hebrides, it is also among the strongest haplotypes present in these regions.  It would not be too much of a stretch to label OGAP4 the quintessential Scottish haplotype and the single closest identifier to whatever is considered the indigenous Scottish population.  Sykes and Oppenheimer both write that the Picts were as close as anything to the indigenous population of Scotland."

R1b - 9 is the sub group identified by Dr Stephen Oppenheimer and the values above are again suggested by Kevin Campbell in another of his papers in The Journal of Genetic Genealogy. In his book The Origins of the British Oppenheimer gives the name Rox to our clan father.

It is hoped that such information will encourage other "Dowie's" to submit samples for testing and there by broaden the scope of this initiative. Links to FTDNA are also proved below.

FTDNA Markers

Loc 1

Loc 2

Loc 3

Loc 4

Loc 5

Loc 6

Loc 7

Loc 8

Loc 9

Loc 10

Loc 11

Loc 12

 Loc 13

 Loc 14

 Loc 15

 Loc 16

Loc 17 

Loc 18 

Loc 19 

Loc 20 

Loc 21 

Loc 22 

Loc23 

Loc 24 

Loc25 

                             

 

 

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS

DYS DYS DYS DYS DYS DYS DYS DYS DYS DYS DYS DYS DYS DYS DYS

Mutations

Comments

393

390

19 AKA 394

391

385a

385b

426

388

439

389-1

392

389-2

458

459a

459b

455

454

447

437

448

449

464a

464b

464c

464d

460 GATA H4 YCA IIa YCB IIb 456 607 576 570 CDYa CDYb 442 438 570 Y-GATA H4 436

 

 

Dowie

13

24

14

10

12

14

12

12

13

13

13

29

17

9

10

11

11

23

15

19

30

14

15

17

18

10 10 19 23 16 15 18 17 37 38 12 12 17 11 12

 

 
Ralph Dowie 13 24 14 10 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 9 11 11 23 15 19 29 14 15 17 18   11 19 23 -     17     12 12 17     3 (Genebase unadjusted)
Bryan Cochran 13 24 14 10 12 14 12 12 13 13 13 29 17 - - 11 11 24 - 19 30 14 15 17 18   11                           1 Ancestry.com
Code 13 24 14 10 12 14 12 12 13 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 14 15 17 18   11     15   16 16         16   -    
                                                                                     
Boyd 13 24 14 10 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 24 15 19 30 14 15 17 18                                  
Marshall 13 24 14 10 12 14 12 12 13 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 14 15 17 18                                  
Findley 13 24 14 10 10 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 9 9 11 11 23 15 19 30 15 15 17 17                                  
Parr 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 13 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 23 15 19 30 14 15 16 17                                  
Caldwell 13 24 14 10 12 14 12 12 13 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 14 15 17 18                                  

Biggar

13

24

14

10

13

14

12

12

14

13

13

29

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

20

30

14

15

17

18

                                 

Rutledge

13

23

14

11

12

14

12

12

11

13

13

29

18

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

30

14

15

17

18

                                 

McGregor

13

24

14

10

10

14

12

12

12

13

13

30

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

30

15

15

17

17

                                 

AMH

13

24

14

11

11

14

12

12

12

13

13

29

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

29

15

15

17

17

                                 
Niall 13 25 14 11 11 13 12 12 12 13 14 26 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 18 30 15 16 16 17                                  
R1bSTR47 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 30 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 17                                  
Doyle 9Z9HB 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 13 13 13 29                                                            
Pict Cluster (HFTYS) 13 24 14 10 11   12 12     13       10 11 11 25 15 19                                            
Wilson

R1b1c

13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 10 10 11 25 15 19 30 13 15 17 17                                  

The Loci where Dowie values differ from the Atlantic Modal Haplogroup (AMH) are coloured red. Whilst the Dowie results show a value of  DYS426=12 and don't  return DYS392=11  (italics) suggests it belongs within HG1; it should be noted that on DYS447 the Dowie result differs from the modal group  here by two mutations. Surveys have suggested that only 15% of HG1's return a value of 23 at DYS447. Also of note is that within HG1 only 9% of men return a value of 12 at DYS385a. These facts may prove to be a defining characteristics of the Dowie Haplotype. It should be noted that Haplogroup HG1 is now named R1b.

R1b -Haplogroup R1b is the most common haplogroup in European populations. It is believed to have expanded throughout Europe as humans re-colonized after the last glacial maximum 10-12 thousand years ago. This lineage is also the haplogroup containing the Atlantic modal haplotype.

Further Testing has confirmed my  yDNA Haplogroup as :

R1b1b2a1a  Shorthand: U106+

 L21- L23+ L49+ M126- M153- M160- M173+ M18- M207+ M222- M269+ M343+ M37- M65- M73- P25+ P310+ P311+ P312- P66- SRY2627- U106+

L21- M126- M153- M160- M222- M37- M65- M73- P312- P66- SRY2627-
  L23+ L49+ M173+ M207+ M343+ P25+ P310+ P311+ U106+

The results of more tests are awaited. The current results suggest a more Germanic origin but may yet support the theory that Dowie's arrived in Scotland via the descendents of Walter de Douai - the Flemish supporter of William the Conqueror.

Further Reading: Here

Understanding DNA Mutation
The thing that makes all this testing useful for comparisons, is that the locations on your DNA that are examined for this test are known to change (or mutate) over numerous generations at a reasonably predictable rate. So if your signature is very different from someone else's, your paternal ancestors either started with totally different DNA or so many generations separate you that the DNA has mutated many times. If your Paternal Ancestry Signature matches exactly or very closely, then very few generations separate you from the other person. This is because not enough generations have elapsed between you for many of the markers to have mutated. The markers cannot really be compared individually. The entire signature needs to be close or exactly the same if two people are related. The values for each location do not really have any intrinsic value. Their meaning comes from their comparison to other peoples values at that location.

If two people were identical in all markers except they are off in one marker by 1 point, the genetic distance would be 1. If they were off at 2 different markers by 1 point in each marker, then the genetic distance of those two samples would be 2. If they were off by 2 points at one marker and 1 point in a second marker, then the genetic distance would be 3. This is called the Stepwise Model of calculating genetic distance for shallow time depths. (i.e. Genealogy not Anthropology)
 

Currently the Scientists are classifying  DYS 464  as following the Infinite Allele Model ie multiple step mutations may occur between a single generation. Therefore in the above chart these allele have been greyed out.

Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA)
Since we know the approximate rate of change of human DNA at the locations tested, we can approximate how closely two people are related. A statistical model is used to determine the probability of relatedness. The following table describes how closely related two people are (the number of generations that separate them) by the number of differences between their two signatures.

Number of
Mismatches
Median Number of
Generations
Possible Range in
95% Interval
0 3.6 0.1 to 19.2
1 8.9 1.3 to 29.7
2 14.5 3.4 to 39.3

For Example, if two people have signatures that match at all markers except one, they are most likely related within about 9 generations (8.9). However, since this is a statistical model, it is still possible that the two people are related anywhere from 1.3 generations to 29.7 generations apart. Imagine a bell curve with 8.9 generations as the peak value in the center and 1.3 on the left end of the curve and 29.7 on the right end of the curve. The correct number of generations is most likely in the center of the curve and progressively less likely as you move further away from the center in either direction. If two people have more than two or three mismatches, they are considered to be unrelated based on current calculations.

An individual's test results have little meaning on their own. It is not possible to take these numbers, plug them into some formula and find out who your ancestors are. The value of the test results depends on how your results compare to other test results. A perfect match will only indicate that you and the person you match share a common ancestor. Depending on the number of markers tested and the number of matches it will indicate with a certain degree of probability how long ago this common ancestor existed. It will not show exactly who this ancestor is.

Mutations occur at random. This means it is possible for two distant cousins to match exactly on all markers while two brothers might not match exactly. Because of the random nature of mutations we must use statistics and probability to estimate the Time to the Most Recent Common Ancestor (TMRCA). The actual calculations of TMRCA are mathematically complex and depend on knowing the rate of mutation and the true number of mutations. At this time there is not enough data to accurately determine either of these factors so certain assumptions have to be made. The discussion of these assumptions and the actual calculations are beyond the scope of this webpage.

Matching Your Signature with Population Studies
It stands to reason that as we reduce the number of markers to compare with other people, we increase the chances of matching signatures with those people. Many studies have been conducted that try to characterize geographic or ethnic populations by examining what DNA markers they have in common. Many of these studies indicate that a subset of the markers in your test have a strong correlation to general geographic populations. Using a smaller common set of markers we can start to make correlations for groups of people that may have had a common ancestor much further back. These groups of people are called Haplogroups.

One common Haplogroup is Hg1 (Haplogroup 1), which is characterized by a commonly known haplotype called the Atlantic Modal Haplogroup (AMH, haplotype 1.15). This haplotype is most commonly found along the Atlantic coast of Europe. While the definition of these different haplogroups are based on a different set of test markers, there is a significant correlation with haplogroup tests and the markers in your test. If your results match or very closely match the AMH values, there is a very good chance your paternal ancestors came from this region.


Earliest Known Ancestors

Kit # Earliest Known Ancestors  Born     Died   Married 
6376 William Dowie. 5th Nov  1776 Newburgh, Fife unknown   Mary Smith
6376  Alexander L M Dowie abt. August 1804 Monimail, Fife 10th June 1847  Markinch Elspeth Melville
6376 Alexander Dowie 5th June 1839 Markinch, Fife 27th Dec. 1907 Markinch Grace Scott

Comparative y-DNA Results

Dowie Haplotype

User ID Last Name Origin 3
9
3
 
3
9
0
 
3

9
4

3
9
1
 
3
8
5
a
 
3
8
5
b
 
4
2
6
 
3
8
8
 
4
3
9
 
3
8
9
|
1
 
3
9
2
 
3
8
9
|
2
 
4
5
8
 
4
5
9
a
 
4
5
9
b
 
4
5
5
 
4
5
4
 
4
4
7
 
4
3
7
 
4
4
8
 
4
4
9
 
4
6
4
a
 
4
6
4
b
 
4
6
4
c
 
4
6
4
d
 
Genetic

Distance

ysearchGC7RN

ftdna6376

ybase7B612

Dowie Newburgh, Fife, 13 24 14 10 12 14 12 12 13 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 23 15 19 30 14 15 17 18 0
                                                         
Allele frequency within R1b: % same as Dowie from Lowensteyn 95 55 93 31 6 69 98 98 9.5 60 90 48 39 75 69 83 96 14 61 59 21 16 63 40 19 None Modal Values
                                                     
CSCUS Findley Unknown  13 24 14 10 10 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 9 9 11 11 23 15 19 30 15 15 17 17 6
GHWSR MacAulay Glasgow, 13 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 11 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 23 15 19 29 15 15 17 17 8
6P3G9 Conn Unknown  13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 14 13 30 16 9 10 11 11 23 15 19 30 15 15 15 18 6
BE64K Parr Ireland  13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 13 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 24 15 19 30 14 15 16 17 4
FWYZV Marshall Unknown  13 24 14 10 11 16 12 12 11 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 24 15 19 29 15 15 17 17 9
52569 Baker   13 24 14 10 12 14 12 12 13 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 14 15 17 18 2
ZKSR9 Caldwell Antrim 13 24 14 10 12 14 12 12 13 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 14 15 17 18 4
1774 McGregor Scotland 13 24 14 10 10 14 12 12 12 14 13 30 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 16 18 18 10
MB6Z6 Dewey   13 24 14 11 9 13 12 12 12 13 14 29 17 9 11 11 11 25 15 18 30 15 15 16 18 11
                                                         
AMH AMH   13 24 14 11 11 11 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 16 16 18 18 13
The above table shows results from ysearch & ybase ( 27/08/06 ) with "closest" haplotypes to mine.

The blue columns mainly show common values characteristic of R1B Haplogroups while the brown columns show markers that I believe characterise a distinctive Dowie haplotype.

Significant differences are shown in yellow and significant matches are  in bold.

Status:

 

Ysearch Database Configuration - DNA Results Comparison
ID D
Y
S
3
9
3
 
D
Y
S
3
9
0
 
D
Y
S
1
9
/
3
9
4
 
D
Y
S
3
9
1
 
D
Y
S
3
8
5
a
 
D
Y
S
3
8
5
b
 
D
Y
S
4
2
6
 
D
Y
S
3
8
8
 
D
Y
S
4
3
9
 
D
Y
S
3
8
9
-
1
 
D
Y
S
3
9
2
 
D
Y
S
3
8
9
-
2
 
D
Y
S
4
5
8
 
D
Y
S
4
5
9
a
 
D
Y
S
4
5
9
b
 
D
Y
S
4
5
5
 
D
Y
S
4
5
4
 
D
Y
S
4
4
7
 
D
Y
S
4
3
7
 
D
Y
S
4
4
8
 
D
Y
S
4
4
9
 
D
Y
S
4
6
4
a
 
D
Y
S
4
6
4
b
 
D
Y
S
4
6
4
c
 
D
Y
S
4
6
4
d
 
Dowie 13 24 14 10 12 14 12 12 13 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 23 15 19 30 14 15 17 18
Scots 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 30 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 17
Picts 13 24 14 10 11   12 12     13       10 11 11 25 15 19          
AMH 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 17 17
Baker 13 24 14 10 12 14 12 12 13 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 14 15 17 18
Caldwell 13 24 14 10 12 14 12 12 13 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 14 15 17 18
Boyd 13 24 14 10 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 24 15 19 30 14 15 17 18
Marshall 13 24 14 10 12 14 12 12 13 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 14 15 17 18
Conn 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 14 13 30 16 9 10 11 11 23 15 19 30 15 15 15 18
Findley 13 24 14 10 10 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 9 9 11 11 23 15 19 30 15 15 17 17
Parr 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 13 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 23 15 19 30 14 15 16 17
Biggar 13 24 14 10 13 14 12 12 14 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 20 30 14 15 17 18
Rutledge 13 23 14 11 12 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 14 15 17 18
McGregor 13 24 14 10 10 14 12 12 12 13 13 30 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 17
Distance from reference: Zero One Two Three+

 

Genetic Distance
ID D
o
w
i
e
 
S
c
o
t
s
 
P
i
c
t
s
 
A
M
H
 
B
a
k
e
r
 
C
a
l
d
w
e
l
l
 
B
o
y
d
 
M
a
r
s
h
a
l
l
 
C
o
n
n
 
F
i
n
d
l
e
y
 
P
a
r
r
 
B
i
g
g
a
r
 
R
u
t
l
e
d
g
e
 
M
c
G
r
e
g
o
r
 
Dowie - 7 2 7 1 3 2 2 6 5 3 4 5 6
Scots 7 - 0 4 6 7 6 7 6 5 5 7 7 2
Picts 2 0 - 1 1 1 2 1 1 3 1 2 3 1
AMH 7 4 1 - 6 6 6 5 7 5 7 7 7 4
Baker 1 6 1 6 - 2 2 1 7 6 4 3 4 5
Caldwell 3 7 1 6 2 - 4 1 7 8 5 5 5 7
Boyd 2 6 2 6 2 4 - 3 6 5 5 4 5 5
Marshall 2 7 1 5 1 1 3 - 8 7 5 4 5 6
Conn 6 6 1 7 7 7 6 8 - 6 6 8 9 7
Findley 5 5 3 5 6 8 5 7 6 - 6 7 9 3
Parr 3 5 1 7 4 5 5 5 6 6 - 6 6 7
Biggar 4 7 2 7 3 5 4 4 8 7 6 - 6 6
Rutledge 5 7 3 7 4 5 5 5 9 9 6 6 - 8
McGregor 6 2 1 4 5 7 5 6 7 3 7 6 8 -
Related Probably Related Possibly Related

- Infinite allele mutation model is used

 

Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor (Generations)
ID D
o
w
I
e
 
S
c
o
t
s
 
P
I
c
t
s
 
A
M
H
 
B
a
k
e
r
 
C
a
l
d
w
e
l
l
 
B
o
y
d
 
M
a
r
s
h
a
l
l
 
C
o
n
n
 
F
i
n
d
l
e
y
 
P
a
r
r
 
B
I
g
g
a
r
 
R
u
t
l
e
d
g
e
 
M
c
G
r
e
g
o
r
 
Dowie - 52 35 52 13 25 19 19 44 38 25 31 38 44
Scots 52 - 11 31 44 52 44 52 44 38 38 52 52 19
Picts 35 11 - 23 23 23 35 23 23 47 23 35 47 23
AMH 52 31 23 - 44 44 44 38 52 38 52 52 52 31
Baker 13 44 23 44 - 19 19 13 52 44 31 25 31 38
Caldwell 25 52 23 44 19 - 31 13 52 59 38 38 38 52
Boyd 19 44 35 44 19 31 - 25 44 38 38 31 38 38
Marshall 19 52 23 38 13 13 25 - 59 52 38 31 38 44
Conn 44 44 23 52 52 52 44 59 - 44 44 59 67 52
Findley 38 38 47 38 44 59 38 52 44 - 44 52 67 25
Parr 25 38 23 52 31 38 38 38 44 44 - 44 44 52
Biggar 31 52 35 52 25 38 31 31 59 52 44 - 44 44
Rutledge 38 52 47 52 31 38 38 38 67 67 44 44 - 59
McGregor 44 19 23 31 38 52 38 44 52 25 52 44 59 -
0-9 Generations 10-19 Generations 20-29 Generations 30-39 Generations
- Infinite allele mutation model is used
- Average mutation rate varies: 0.0043 to 0.0044, from FTDNA derived rates
- Probability is 75% that the TMRCA is no longer than indicated

Y-STR Database - The Y-STR (Y-Chromosome Short Tandem Repeat) databases contain thousands of test results for comparison purposes. You can enter a subset of your markers and see if anyone else has those markers in common and see what the geographic distribution is of any matches. The largest database is of European samples and can be found here:
http://www.ystr.org/europe/

 

Mutation Rates

Table 2. Relative ASD values and estimated mutation rates for the 37 FTDNA panel. The mutation estimates are derived from Zhivotovsky et al. (2004) value derived from the shaded markers. ?

Marker

Dowie str values

mean ASD

SEM ASD

mutation est

SEM mutation

393

13

0.158

0.019

0.000452

0.000055

390

24

0.354

0.045

0.001013

0.000129

19

14

0.203

0.024

0.000582

0.000069

391

10

0.190

0.018

0.000544

0.000052

385a

12

0.503

0.078

0.001442

0.000222

385b

14

0.917

0.164

0.002627

0.000469

426

12

0.044

0.014

0.000126

0.000040

388

12

0.186

0.048

0.000534

0.000137

439

13

0.404

0.036

0.001158

0.000103

389i

13

0.242

0.029

0.000693

0.000082

392

13

0.135

0.033

0.000388

0.000094

389ii*

29

0.326

0.042

0.000935

0.000121

458

17

0.819

0.060

0.002347

0.000171

459a

9

0.111

0.020

0.000317

0.000057

459b

10

0.127

0.018

0.000364

0.000050

455

11

0.052

0.018

0.000148

0.000052

454

11

0.057

0.017

0.000163

0.000047

447

23

0.733

0.136

0.002099

0.000391

437

15

0.193

0.069

0.000552

0.000198

448

19

0.248

0.041

0.000710

0.000118

449

30

1.318

0.129

0.003777

0.000369

464a

14

0.447

0.080

0.001280

0.000229

464b

15

0.468

0.058

0.001340

0.000166

464c

17

0.424

0.036

0.001215

0.000104

464d

18

0.370

0.040

0.001061

0.000115

460

 

0.248

0.020

0.000710

0.000057

H4

11

0.221

0.026

0.000633

0.000075

YCAIIa

 

0.557

0.251

0.001595

0.000718

YCAiib

 

0.497

0.077

0.001423

0.000221

456

16

0.737

0.146

0.002111

0.000419

607

15

0.446

0.083

0.001279

0.000237

576

18

1.114

0.091

0.003190

0.000260

570

17

1.025

0.100

0.002936

0.000286

CDYa

 

2.204

0.582

0.006313

0.001667

CDYb

 

2.003

0.252

0.005737

0.000723

442

 

0.727

0.375

0.002084

0.001075

438

 

0.113

0.017

0.000322

0.000048

Shaded Green = slow mutating Alleles

Shaded Brown = fast mutating Alleles

Red values = defining Dowie haplotype

Colla Uais - Father of the Clans

A High King of Ireland, Colla seized Ulster and then took his followers to Scotland around 325AD.  His descendants, Fergus, Loarn and Angus (sons of Erc) became the "founder" lines for the Scottish kingdom of Dalriada circa 465AD (Source article).  Mark E. MacDonald, the National Historian for Clan Donald and Director of the DNA project, has deduced Colla's haplotype based on DNA results from many various Scottish clan DNA projects.

    DYS#
  *
H
a
p
l
o
3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9
3
9
1
3
8
5

A
3
8
5

B
4
2
6
3
8
8
4
3
9
3
8
9
|
I
3
9
2
3
8
9
|
II
4
5
8
4
5
9
A
4
5
9
B
4
5
5
4
5
4
4
4
7
4
3
7
4
4
8
4
4
9
4
6
4
A
4
6
4
B
4
6
4
C
4
6
4
D
Colla Uais

R1b

13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 30 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 17

 

Family Tree DNA   Ancestry.com Relativegenetics
Surname Projects   McGregor DNA Project DNA & Race
    Ancestral Fife Mutation Rates
Differences from Most Common Values   "The Genetic Legacy of Paleolithic Homo sapiens sapiens in Extant Europeans: A Y Chromosome Perspective" Mutation Rates: a list of "Fastest vs Slowest"?
Haplogroup classification     New Haplogroup System
Haplogroups in the YSTR.org Database

Spread of Haplogroups R1b, I and R1a (12,000 years ago)